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Indigenous plants to phillip island

Tall Trees more than 10 Metres

SPECIES

COMMON NAME

Acacia dealbata

Silver wattle - Fast growing evergreen tree growing up to 30 metres tall. The flowers are globular bright yellow in colour, produced in large racemose inflorescences containing around 10 - 45 single flowers. The seed is a flatened pea like pod from 2 -12cm long and 6 -15mm wide, containing several seeds that germinate afer servre heat or fire. They generally live from 15 - 40 years.

The leaves are bluish grey, 10 -30 pairs of pinnae and a gland at the junction of each pair. Bird attracting.

Acacia mearsii

Black wattle- Grows 6 -20 metres high. The leaves bipinnate, raised glands occur irrecgularly at and in between the junctions of each pair of pinnae. Flowers are yellow - cream, with fragrant globular flower heads, fruits are dark brown with fine white hairs on them once they rippen.

Good source of firewood burns hot. Bird attracting.

Acacia melanoxylon

Blackwood- Grows fast up to 45 metres in higher altitude forrests like the Dandenong Ranges. Leaves (Phyllodes) are 5 - 10 cm long, they start out greyish then turn dark gree, slightly curved with 3 - 7 veins running along the length of the leaf. Flower is pale yellow globular. Seeds, reddish brown twisted pods. Excellent firewood and beautiful furniture timber. Bird attracting.

Banksia integrifolia

Coastal banksia- Leaves are dark green, and white underneath. Flowers are pale yellow to yellow and appear with several hundred other flowers on a single woody spike 10 -12cm high and 5cm wide. The seeds contained int he spike or cone a few months after the flowers have died, they are black 6 -10mm long depending on the environment. Banksias can reach 35 metres but generally on the Island Eg: Silverleaves 10 -25 metres. Timber is good for woodwork and firewood once it has been dried. Bird attracting.

Eucalyptus globulus subsp. bicostata

Southern blue gum. Found along the Great dividing range from northern New South Wales to western and southern Victoria. E.globulus may reach 70 metres (210ft) in ideal conditions but in Phillip Island more commonly !0 to 20 mts. If left out in the open this tree will retain great shape. Flowers are white and occur in winter to summer.The bark remains rough around the base and sheds in ribbons up the branches. It does have an aggressive root system if planted near pathways it will lift and crack concrete and crack sewer pipes.Blue Gum is a very versatile timber it is solid, showy and durable. Excellent firewood. Bird and Bee attractant.

Eucalyptus obliqua

Messmate Grows to about 90mts. On Phillip Island may only reach 25mts, has white fragrant fowers in Jan, Feb, March, May, June, Sept, Oct, Dec. Has very good Hardwood timber character with its grainy look and sap pockets it is showy and when polished well has many colours. It has shiny green leaves the bark is thick and fibrous. The bark was used by Aboriginals to make canoes and roofing for humpies. They would cut it and peel it off in one big section. Messmate stringybark is a bird and bee attractant. Koalas like to climb them but I dont know if the actually eat the leaves. 

Eucalyptus ovata

Swamp gum, Rough bark at base of trunk with it becomming smooth along the branches. Prefers soil that has poor drainage flowers are white and appear in March to June. grows to around 20mts. Attracts Birds, many insects, Koalas will eat the leaves. 

Eucalyptus radiata

Narrow-leaf peppermint, Fibrous bark almost all the way up the trunk grey brown in colour, smaller branches are smooth. cream yellow to white flowers appearing in late Spring to January. Grows to 45mts  in mountainous areas but in Phillip Island more commonly 15to 25mts. Generally has very good shape and form, creating great shade due to its leafy character in healthy trees. Popular for it's Eucalyptus oil producing quality, Attracts birds and bees

Eucalyptus strzeleckii

Strzelecki gum, Grows 30 to 40 mts. 20 to 25 mts in Phillip Island. Smooth white trunk rough at base. Trunk displays brown to red strips of colour at certain times of the year before bark peels off in strips. Flowers are near white in colour, appearing in mid spring. When crushed the leaves have a strong peppermint smell. New growth is waxy and red to purple in colour. Provides great habitats for many species a good food source for Koalas

Eucalyptus viminalis

Manna gum, Grows to 40mts, in Phillip Island around 25mts. Trunk is white however the base has rough fissured bark. Over summer the bark from the branches and upper trunk sheds in long ribbons. Has cream flowers rich in nectar, appearing from July to August. Attracts birds and bees, is a good food source for Koalas.


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Small to medium trees 5-10 Metres

Allocasuarina littoralis

Black sheoak. Grows to about 5 to 15 mts, on the Island more commonly reaches 8 mts. Branchlets are fine and bright green in colour they function as leaves and look similar to pine needles from a distance. In spring the Black Sheoak has dark flowers that cover the tree, they grow well in full sun and can tolerate poor and sandy soil.

Allocasuarina verticillata

Drooping sheoak. Grows to around 5 to 20 mts on the Island around 10mts, is a great windbreak and shade tree. The bark is rough and furrowed they commonly have multiple trunks and if pruned early this can be managable. The male tree has long yellow brown flowers, the female has red globular flowers and a cylindrical cone 19-50mm long and 17-30mm wide. the leaves are similar to the black sheok but are thicker and longer. This tree will tolerate salt and many soil types. Attracts birds (cockatoos).

Eucalyptus kitsoniana

Gippsland mallee, grows to about 5-7 metres on Phillip Island, this tree has a shedding bark with colours including yellow, pink, white, grey, olive green, and tan. The buds are found in groups of seven It has white to cream flowers in spring to summer. Attract parrots, cockatoos, rosellas, bees

Eucalyptus pryoriana

Coast manna gum, The Koalas favourite food source, it has a rough bark at the base to about 2 metres then smooth white showy trunks appear with long strips of bark peeling off. the leaves are thin and white to cream flowers from March to May. It grows to about 23 metres in some parts of Phillip Island but generally around 18 metres. It would b a good Idea to plant them in some areas of the foreshore and other native corridoors so Koalas are able to move more easily around the Island and are not too far away from some food. Attracts parrots, bees, possums

Exocarpos cupressiformis

Cherry ballart, Grows to about 20-30 ft or 6 -9 metres, yellow to green flowers from spring to late summer. This evergreen is found in schlorophyll, the wood was used for furniture and gun stocks. It has a rough bark and an edible fruit 4-6 mm long that is ripe when the stalk swells and turns red whith the black seed on the outside the fruit.

Lomatia fraseri

Tree loamatia

Melaleuca ericifolia

Swamp paperbark

Melaleuca lanceolata

Moonah

Melaleuca squarrosa

Scented paperbark

Myoporum insulare

Common boobialla


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Tall shrubs up to 2-5 Metres

Acacia mucronata

Narrow-leaf wattle

Acacia paradoxa

Hedge wattle

Acacia sophorae

Coast wattle

Acacia stricta

Hop wattle

Acacia verticillata

Prickly moses

Allocasuarina palodosa

Scrub sheoak

Banksia marginata

Silver banksia

Bansksia spinulosa

Hairpin banksia

Bursaria spinosa

Sweet bursaria

Cassinia aculeata

Common cassinia

Cassinia longifolia

Shiny cassinia

Coprosma quadrifida

Prickly currant-bush

Dodonaea viscosa

Wedge-leaf Hop-bush

Exocarpos strictus

Pale-fruit Ballart

Gynatrix pulchella

Hemp bush

Hakea sericea

Bushy needlewood

Hakea ulicina

Furze hakea

Kunzea ericoides

Burgan

Hymenanthera dentata

Tree violet

Leptospermum continentale

Prickly Tea-tree

Leptospermum laevigatum

Coast Tea-tree

Leptospermum lanigerum

Woolly Tea-tree

Monotoca elliptica

Tree Broom-heath

Monotoca glauca

Currant-wood

Leucopogan parviflorus

Coast Beard-heath

Olearia lirata

Snow Daisy-bush

Polyscias sambucifolia

Elderberry panax

Pomaderris apsera

Hazel pomaderris

Prostanthera lasianthos

Victorian Christmas-bush

Pultenaea daphnoides

Large-leaf Bush-pea

Pultenaea scabra

Rough Bush-pea

Rhagodia candolleana

Seaberry Saltbush

Solanum aviculare

Kangaroo apple

Viminaria juncea

Golden spray


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Low shrubs less than 2 Metres

Acacia myrtifolia

Myrtle wattle

Acacia suaveolens

Sweet wattle

Acrotriche serrulata

Honey-pots

Allocasuarina paradoxa

Green sheoak

Allocasuarina pusilla

Dwarf sheoak

Alyxia buxifolia

Sea box

Astroloma humifusum

Cranberry Heath

Atriplex cinerea

Coast saltbush

Correa alba

White correa

Correa reflexa

Common correa

Daviesia latifolia

Hop Bitter-pea

Dillwynia cinerascens

Grey parrot-pea

Dillwynia glaberrima

Smooth parrot-pea

Dillwynia sericea

Showy parrot-pea

Epacris impressa

Common heath

Goodenia ovata

Hop goodenia

Hakea nodosa

Yellow hakea

Hakea teretifoia ssp. hirsuta

Dagger hakea

Hibbertia acicularis

Prickly Guinea-flower

Hibbertia prostrata

Bundled Guinea-flower

Hibbertia sericea

Silky Guinea-flower

Indigofera australis

Austral indigo

Isopogon ceratophyllus

Horny Cone-bush

Leptospermum myrsinoides

Heath tea-tree

Leucophyta brownii

Cushion bush

Leucopogon australis

Spike beard-heath

Olearia axillaris

Coast Daisy-bush

Olearia phlogopappa

Dusty Daisy-bush

Olearia ramulosa

Twiggy Daisy-bush

Ozothamnus turbinatus

Coast everlasting

Persoonia juniperina

Prickly Geebung

Platylobium obtusangulum

Common Flat-pea

Platylobium formosum

Handsome Flat-pea

Pomaderris oraria ssp. paralia

Coast pomaderris

Pultenaea daphnoides

Large-leaf Bush-pea

Pultenaea gunnii

Golden Bush-pea

Pultenaea stricta

Rigid Bush-pea

Ricinocarpos pinifolius

Wedding Bush

Spyridium parvifolium

Dusty miller

Tetratheca ciliata

Pink-bells

Tetratheca pilosa

Hairy pink-bells


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Ferns

Blechnum minus

Soft Water-fern

Gleichenia microphylla

Scrambling Coral-fern


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Grasses, sedges, rushes

Austrodanthonia laevis

Smooth Wallaby-grass

Austrodanthonia pilosa

Velvet Wallaby-grass

Austrodanthonia setacea

Bristly Wallaby-grass

Austrostipa flavescens

Coast Spear-grass

Austrostipa semibarbata

Fibrous spear-grass

Austrostipa stipoides

Prickly Spear-grass

Carex appressa

Tall Sedge

Carex breviculmis

Common Sedge-grass

Carex fascicularis

Tassel Sedge

Ficinia nodosa (Isolepis nodosa)

Knobby Club-Sedge

Gahnia radula

Thatch Saw-Sedge

Gahnia sieberiana

Red-fruit Saw-Sedge

Gahnia trifida

Coast Sword-Sedge

Juncus krussii ssp. australiansis

Sea Rush

Juncus pallidus

Pale Rush

Lepidosperma elatius

Tall Sword-Sedge

Lepidosperma filiforme

Common Rapier-Sedge

Lepidosperma gladiatum

Coast Sword-Sedge

Lepidosperma laterale

Variable Sword-Sedge

Lomandra filiformis

Wattle Mat-rush

Lomandra longifolia

Spiny-headed Mat-rush

Microlaena stipoides

Weeping Grass

Phragmites australis

Common Reed

Poa labillardieri

Common Tussock-Grass

Poa poiformis

Blue Tussock-Grass

Poa sieberiana

Grey Tussock-Grass

Spinifex sericeus

Hairy spinifex

Themeda triandra

Kangaroo Grass


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Herbs,Lilies, Orchids

Ajuga australis

Austral Bugle

Brachyscome graminea

Grass daisy

Brachyscome parvula

Coast daisy

Brunonia australis

Blue pincushion

Burchardia umbellata

Milkmaids

Calocephalus lacteus

Milky Beaty-heads

Carpobrotus rossii

Karkella (pigface)

Centella cordifolia

Centella

Chrysocephalum apiculatum

Common Everlasting

Dampiera stricta

Blue Dampiera

Dianella brevicaulis

Short-stalk Flax-lily

Dianella longifolia

Pale Flax-lily

Dianella revoluta

Black-anther Flax-lily

Dianella tasmanica

Tasman Flax-lily

Dichondra repens

Kidney-weed

Diplarrena moraea

Butterfly flag

Disphyma crassifolium

Rounded Noon-flower

Goodenia humilis

Swamp goodenia

Goodenia lantana

Trailing goodenia

Helichrysum scorpioides

Button Everlasting

Linum marginale

Native flax

Patersonis fragilis

Short purple-flag

Patersonia occidentalis

Long purple-flag

Poranthera microphylla

Small poranthera

Pterostylis longifolia

Tall greenwood

Sambucus gaudichaudiana

White Elderberry

Stylidium graminifolium

Grass Trigger-plant. Tufted grass-like plant with leaves from 5-25cm long and 2-6mm wide. Many small pink sometimes white flowers appearing on stalks from centre up to 70cm long. Prefers well drained moist soils, sunny to part shade position. Insects activate the 'trigger' which springs upward depositing pollen onto the back of the insect, who then transports the pollen to another flower.

Swainsona lessertiifolia

Coast swainson-pea. Has up 20 royal purple blue flowers on long stalks, rising above foliage. Requires well drained sandy soil.

Thelionema casepitosum

Tufted Lily. Perenial herb 30-90cm high leaves 2-12 cm 2-3 major branches off one central stalk with 7 minor branches with blue to white to pale yellow flowers from Sep-Jan.

Triglochin procerum

Water-ribbons. Grows in still or slow moving freshwater. Has long flat narrow leaves 15-300cm that float on topof the water. It has a 20-50 cm long flower spike with 60-100 pale green flowers on the top quarter of the spike all year round. Maintains aquatic habitat for fish waterbirds and invertebrates.

Viola hederacea

Ivy-leaf violet. Will grow as a thick mat ground cover. It has kidney shaped leaves, the flowers are violet shaped on thin stalks protruding above the leafy cover.the flower petals are purple with white ends. The plant will growto 50cm high to 2 metre wide in moist sheltered positions.

Wahlenbergia gracilis

Sprawling bluebell

Wahlenbergia stricta

Tall bluebell. Light blue flower with a white centre with five petals 25mm wide. Will grow as bushy ground cover, covered in these showy flowers.The petals are edible great for decorating salads. Grows best in full sun to part shade. Flowering mainly from mMarch to June but may flower at any time throughout the year.

Xanthorrhoea australis

Austral Grass tree. Long grass like foliage protruding from a ash blackened trunk, flowers from one spike per trunk or centre. flower spike can reach 2-3 metres with flowers taking up to about 70% -90% of total hight. Cream flowers attracting birds and nectar feeding insects. Cross section of leaf is diamond shaped and slightly blue green in colour.

Xanthorrhoea minor (ssp) lutea

Small Grass tree. Subteraneous multi-stemmed trunk with grass-like foliage appearing from ground level. The leaf cross section is usually concave, and the leaf is dark green. The flower spike is usually amongst foliage. Most Xanthorrhoea species were used by the Aboriginal people for many things including, extracting the resin to make tools, using the nectar to make water sweeter, using the flower stalk for spears.


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Creepers/Vines

Billardiera scadens

Common Apple-berry. Light yellow bell shaped flowers in spring. Soft hairs on leaf and base of flower. Berries have been eaten raw, probably best to wait untill they ripen to a pale brown colour.

Bossiaea prostrata

Creeping Bossiaea. Orange to yellow flower from mainly September to October. tolerates full sun to partial shade, comon in dry woodland areas.

Clematis micrphllya

Small-leaved Clematis. A frost and drought tolerant ground cover/ low creeper. Shows an abundance of flowers white with a hint of green in colour from late winter to spring. Tolerates full sun to partial shade. By crushing the leaves and inhaling the aroma may relieve hedaches.

Comesperma volubile

Love creeper. Fine-stemmed creeper with sparse narrow leaves 1-5 cm long and 1-5 mm wide,the bright purple to medium blue flower protrudes toward the light above the plant it climbs. Tolerates sun to partial shade flowering from July to December mainly spring.

Glycine clandestina

Twining glycine. Small twining deciduous creeper. Leaf divided into three leaflets, flowers are pale to purple, pink to somtimes white. Flowering year round but peak in spring. Attracts butterflies, tolerates partial sun to full shade.

Kennedia prostrata

Running postman.This drought tolerant beauty has a medium sized red flower with a yellow centre, will survive in full sun or semi shade. Attracts butterflies and nectar feeding birds.

Tetragonia implexicoma

Bower Spinach. This plant has small yellow star shaped flowers, small thick diamond shaped leaves, it will grow as a thick ground cover in semi shade or full sun.


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