• SPECIES
  • COMMON NAME
  • Acacia dealbata
  • Silver wattle – Fast growing evergreen tree growing up to 30 metres tall. The flowers are globular bright yellow in colour, produced in large racemose inflorescences containing around 10 – 45 single flowers. The seed is a flatened pea like pod from 2 -12cm long and 6 -15mm wide, containing several seeds that germinate afer servre heat or fire. They generally live from 15 – 40 years.The leaves are bluish grey, 10 -30 pairs of pinnae and a gland at the junction of each pair. Bird attracting.
  • Acacia mearsii
  • Black wattle- Grows 6 -20 metres high. The leaves bipinnate, raised glands occur irrecgularly at and in between the junctions of each pair of pinnae. Flowers are yellow – cream, with fragrant globular flower heads, fruits are dark brown with fine white hairs on them once they rippen.Good source of firewood burns hot. Bird attracting.
  • Acacia melanoxylon
  • Blackwood- Grows fast up to 45 metres in higher altitude forrests like the Dandenong Ranges. Leaves (Phyllodes) are 5 – 10 cm long, they start out greyish then turn dark gree, slightly curved with 3 – 7 veins running along the length of the leaf. Flower is pale yellow globular. Seeds, reddish brown twisted pods. Excellent firewood and beautiful furniture timber. Bird attracting.
  • Banksia integrifolia
  • Coastal banksia- Leaves are dark green, and white underneath. Flowers are pale yellow to yellow and appear with several hundred other flowers on a single woody spike 10 -12cm high and 5cm wide. The seeds contained int he spike or cone a few months after the flowers have died, they are black 6 -10mm long depending on the environment. Banksias can reach 35 metres but generally on the Island Eg: Silverleaves 10 -25 metres. Timber is good for woodwork and firewood once it has been dried. Bird attracting.
  • Eucalyptus globulus subsp. bicostata
  • Southern blue gum. Found along the Great dividing range from northern New South Wales to western and southern Victoria. E.globulus may reach 70 metres (210ft) in ideal conditions but in Phillip Island more commonly !0 to 20 mts. If left out in the open this tree will retain great shape. Flowers are white and occur in winter to summer.The bark remains rough around the base and sheds in ribbons up the branches. It does have an aggressive root system if planted near pathways it will lift and crack concrete and crack sewer pipes.Blue Gum is a very versatile timber it is solid, showy and durable. Excellent firewood. Bird and Bee attractant.
  • Eucalyptus obliqua
  • Messmate Grows to about 90mts. On Phillip Island may only reach 25mts, has white fragrant fowers in Jan, Feb, March, May, June, Sept, Oct, Dec. Has very good Hardwood timber character with its grainy look and sap pockets it is showy and when polished well has many colours. It has shiny green leaves the bark is thick and fibrous. The bark was used by Aboriginals to make canoes and roofing for humpies. They would cut it and peel it off in one big section. Messmate stringybark is a bird and bee attractant. Koalas like to climb them but I dont know if the actually eat the leaves.
  • Eucalyptus ovata
  • Swamp gum, Rough bark at base of trunk with it becomming smooth along the branches. Prefers soil that has poor drainage flowers are white and appear in March to June. grows to around 20mts. Attracts Birds, many insects, Koalas will eat the leaves.
  • Eucalyptus radiata
  • Narrow-leaf peppermint, Fibrous bark almost all the way up the trunk grey brown in colour, smaller branches are smooth. cream yellow to white flowers appearing in late Spring to January. Grows to 45mts in mountainous areas but in Phillip Island more commonly 15to 25mts. Generally has very good shape and form, creating great shade due to its leafy character in healthy trees. Popular for it’s Eucalyptus oil producing quality, Attracts birds and bees
  • Eucalyptus strzeleckii
  • Strzelecki gum, Grows 30 to 40 mts. 20 to 25 mts in Phillip Island. Smooth white trunk rough at base. Trunk displays brown to red strips of colour at certain times of the year before bark peels off in strips. Flowers are near white in colour, appearing in mid spring. When crushed the leaves have a strong peppermint smell. New growth is waxy and red to purple in colour. Provides great habitats for many species a good food source for Koalas
  • Eucalyptus viminalis
  • Manna gum, Grows to 40mts, in Phillip Island around 25mts. Trunk is white however the base has rough fissured bark. Over summer the bark from the branches and upper trunk sheds in long ribbons. Has cream flowers rich in nectar, appearing from July to August. Attracts birds and bees, is a good food source for Koalas.
  • Allocasuarina littoralis
  • Black sheoak. Grows to about 5 to 15 mts, on the Island more commonly reaches 8 mts. Branchlets are fine and bright green in colour they function as leaves and look similar to pine needles from a distance. In spring the Black Sheoak has dark flowers that cover the tree, they grow well in full sun and can tolerate poor and sandy soil.
  • Allocasuarina verticillata
  • Drooping sheoak. Grows to around 5 to 20 mts on the Island around 10mts, is a great windbreak and shade tree. The bark is rough and furrowed they commonly have multiple trunks and if pruned early this can be managable. The male tree has long yellow brown flowers, the female has red globular flowers and a cylindrical cone 19-50mm long and 17-30mm wide. the leaves are similar to the black sheok but are thicker and longer. This tree will tolerate salt and many soil types. Attracts birds (cockatoos).
  • Eucalyptus kitsoniana
  • Gippsland mallee, grows to about 5-7 metres on Phillip Island, this tree has a shedding bark with colours including yellow, pink, white, grey, olive green, and tan. The buds are found in groups of seven It has white to cream flowers in spring to summer. Attract parrots, cockatoos, rosellas, bees
  • Eucalyptus pryoriana
  • Coast manna gum, The Koalas favourite food source, it has a rough bark at the base to about 2 metres then smooth white showy trunks appear with long strips of bark peeling off. the leaves are thin and white to cream flowers from March to May. It grows to about 23 metres in some parts of Phillip Island but generally around 18 metres. It would b a good Idea to plant them in some areas of the foreshore and other native corridoors so Koalas are able to move more easily around the Island and are not too far away from some food. Attracts parrots, bees, possums
  • Exocarpos cupressiformis
  • Cherry ballart, Grows to about 20-30 ft or 6 -9 metres, yellow to green flowers from spring to late summer. This evergreen is found in schlorophyll, the wood was used for furniture and gun stocks. It has a rough bark and an edible fruit 4-6 mm long that is ripe when the stalk swells and turns red whith the black seed on the outside the fruit.
  • Lomatia fraseri
  • Tree loamatia
  • Melaleuca ericifolia
  • Swamp paperbark
  • Melaleuca lanceolata
  • Moonah
  • Melaleuca squarrosa
  • Scented paperbark
  • Myoporum insulare
  • Common boobialla
  • Acacia mucronata
  • Narrow-leaf wattle
  • Acacia paradoxa
  • Hedge wattle
  • Acacia sophorae
  • Coast wattle
  • Acacia stricta
  • Hop wattle
  • Acacia verticillata
  • Prickly moses
  • Allocasuarina palodosa
  • Scrub sheoak
  • Banksia marginata
  • Silver banksia
  • Bansksia spinulosa
  • Hairpin banksia
  • Bursaria spinosa
  • Sweet bursaria
  • Cassinia aculeata
  • Common cassinia
  • Cassinia longifolia
  • Shiny cassinia
  • Coprosma quadrifida
  • Prickly currant-bush
  • Dodonaea viscosa
  • Wedge-leaf Hop-bush
  • Exocarpos strictus
  • Pale-fruit Ballart
  • Gynatrix pulchella
  • Hemp bush
  • Hakea sericea
  • Bushy needlewood
  • Hakea ulicina
  • Furze hakea
  • Kunzea ericoides
  • Burgan
  • Hymenanthera dentata
  • Tree violet
  • Leptospermum continentale
  • Prickly Tea-tree
  • Leptospermum laevigatum
  • Coast Tea-tree
  • Leptospermum lanigerum
  • Woolly Tea-tree
  • Monotoca elliptica
  • Tree Broom-heath
  • Monotoca glauca
  • Currant-wood
  • Leucopogan parviflorus
  • Coast Beard-heath
  • Olearia lirata
  • Snow Daisy-bush
  • Polyscias sambucifolia
  • Elderberry panax
  • Pomaderris apsera
  • Hazel pomaderris
  • Prostanthera lasianthos
  • Victorian Christmas-bush
  • Pultenaea daphnoides
  • Large-leaf Bush-pea
  • Pultenaea scabra
  • Rough Bush-pea
  • Rhagodia candolleana
  • Seaberry Saltbush
  • Solanum aviculare
  • Kangaroo apple
  • Viminaria juncea
  • Golden spray
  • Acacia myrtifolia
  • Myrtle wattle
  • Acacia suaveolens
  • Sweet wattle
  • Acrotriche serrulata
  • Honey-pots
  • Allocasuarina paradoxa
  • Green sheoak
  • Allocasuarina pusilla
  • Dwarf sheoak
  • Alyxia buxifolia
  • Sea box
  • Astroloma humifusum
  • Cranberry Heath
  • Atriplex cinerea
  • Coast saltbush
  • Correa alba
  • White correa
  • Correa reflexa
  • Common correa
  • Daviesia latifolia
  • Hop Bitter-pea
  • Dillwynia cinerascens
  • Grey parrot-pea
  • Dillwynia glaberrima
  • Smooth parrot-pea
  • Dillwynia sericea
  • Showy parrot-pea
  • Epacris impressa
  • Common heath
  • Goodenia ovata
  • Hop goodenia
  • Hakea nodosa
  • Yellow hakea
  • Hakea teretifoia ssp. hirsuta
  • Dagger hakea
  • Hibbertia acicularis
  • Prickly Guinea-flower
  • Hibbertia prostrata
  • Bundled Guinea-flower
  • Hibbertia sericea
  • Silky Guinea-flower
  • Indigofera australis
  • Austral indigo
  • Isopogon ceratophyllus
  • Horny Cone-bush
  • Leptospermum myrsinoides
  • Heath tea-tree
  • Leucophyta brownii
  • Cushion bush
  • Leucopogon australis
  • Spike beard-heath
  • Olearia axillaris
  • Coast Daisy-bush
  • Olearia phlogopappa
  • Dusty Daisy-bush
  • Olearia ramulosa
  • Twiggy Daisy-bush
  • Ozothamnus turbinatus
  • Coast everlasting
  • Persoonia juniperina
  • Prickly Geebung
  • Platylobium obtusangulum
  • Common Flat-pea
  • Platylobium formosum
  • Handsome Flat-pea
  • Pomaderris oraria ssp. paralia
  • Coast pomaderris
  • Pultenaea daphnoides
  • Large-leaf Bush-pea
  • Pultenaea gunnii
  • Golden Bush-pea
  • Pultenaea stricta
  • Rigid Bush-pea
  • Ricinocarpos pinifolius
  • Wedding Bush
  • Spyridium parvifolium
  • Dusty miller
  • Tetratheca ciliata
  • Pink-bells
  • Tetratheca pilosa
  • Hairy pink-bells
  • Blechnum minus
  • Soft Water-fern
  • Gleichenia microphylla
  • Scrambling Coral-fern
  • Austrodanthonia laevis
  • Smooth Wallaby-grass
  • Austrodanthonia pilosa
  • Velvet Wallaby-grass
  • Austrodanthonia setacea
  • Bristly Wallaby-grass
  • Austrostipa flavescens
  • Coast Spear-grass
  • Austrostipa semibarbata
  • Fibrous spear-grass
  • Austrostipa stipoides
  • Prickly Spear-grass
  • Carex appressa
  • Tall Sedge
  • Carex breviculmis
  • Common Sedge-grass
  • Carex fascicularis
  • Tassel Sedge
  • Ficinia nodosa (Isolepis nodosa)
  • Knobby Club-Sedge
  • Gahnia radula
  • Thatch Saw-Sedge
  • Gahnia sieberiana
  • Red-fruit Saw-Sedge
  • Gahnia trifida
  • Coast Sword-Sedge
  • Juncus krussii ssp. australiansis
  • Sea Rush
  • Juncus pallidus
  • Pale Rush
  • Lepidosperma elatius
  • Tall Sword-Sedge
  • Lepidosperma filiforme
  • Common Rapier-Sedge
  • Lepidosperma gladiatum
  • Coast Sword-Sedge
  • Lepidosperma laterale
  • Variable Sword-Sedge
  • Lomandra filiformis
  • Wattle Mat-rush
  • Lomandra longifolia
  • Spiny-headed Mat-rush
  • Microlaena stipoides
  • Weeping Grass
  • Phragmites australis
  • Common Reed
  • Poa labillardieri
  • Common Tussock-Grass
  • Poa poiformis
  • Blue Tussock-Grass
  • Poa sieberiana
  • Grey Tussock-Grass
  • Spinifex sericeus
  • Hairy spinifex
  • Themeda triandra
  • Kangaroo Grass
  • Ajuga australis
  • Austral Bugle
  • Brachyscome graminea
  • Grass daisy
  • Brachyscome parvula
  • Coast daisy
  • Brunonia australis
  • Blue pincushion
  • Burchardia umbellata
  • Milkmaids
  • Calocephalus lacteus
  • Milky Beaty-heads
  • Carpobrotus rossii
  • Karkella (pigface)
  • Centella cordifolia
  • Centella
  • Chrysocephalum apiculatum
  • Common Everlasting
  • Dampiera stricta
  • Blue Dampiera
  • Dianella brevicaulis
  • Short-stalk Flax-lily
  • Dianella longifolia
  • Pale Flax-lily
  • Dianella revoluta
  • Black-anther Flax-lily
  • Dianella tasmanica
  • Tasman Flax-lily
  • Dichondra repens
  • Kidney-weed
  • Diplarrena moraea
  • Butterfly flag
  • Disphyma crassifolium
  • Rounded Noon-flower
  • Goodenia humilis
  • Swamp goodenia
  • Goodenia lantana
  • Trailing goodenia
  • Helichrysum scorpioides
  • Button Everlasting
  • Linum marginale
  • Native flax
  • Patersonis fragilis
  • Short purple-flag
  • Patersonia occidentalis
  • Long purple-flag
  • Poranthera microphylla
  • Small poranthera
  • Pterostylis longifolia
  • Tall greenwood
  • Sambucus gaudichaudiana
  • White Elderberry
  • Stylidium graminifolium
  • Grass Trigger-plant. Tufted grass-like plant with leaves from 5-25cm long and 2-6mm wide. Many small pink sometimes white flowers appearing on stalks from centre up to 70cm long. Prefers well drained moist soils, sunny to part shade position. Insects activate the ‘trigger’ which springs upward depositing pollen onto the back of the insect, who then transports the pollen to another flower.
  • Swainsona lessertiifolia
  • Coast swainson-pea. Has up 20 royal purple blue flowers on long stalks, rising above foliage. Requires well drained sandy soil.
  • Thelionema casepitosum
  • Tufted Lily. Perenial herb 30-90cm high leaves 2-12 cm 2-3 major branches off one central stalk with 7 minor branches with blue to white to pale yellow flowers from Sep-Jan.
  • Triglochin procerum
  • Water-ribbons. Grows in still or slow moving freshwater. Has long flat narrow leaves 15-300cm that float on topof the water. It has a 20-50 cm long flower spike with 60-100 pale green flowers on the top quarter of the spike all year round. Maintains aquatic habitat for fish waterbirds and invertebrates.
  • Viola hederacea
  • Ivy-leaf violet. Will grow as a thick mat ground cover. It has kidney shaped leaves, the flowers are violet shaped on thin stalks protruding above the leafy cover.the flower petals are purple with white ends. The plant will growto 50cm high to 2 metre wide in moist sheltered positions.
  • Wahlenbergia gracilis
  • Sprawling bluebell
  • Wahlenbergia stricta
  • Tall bluebell. Light blue flower with a white centre with five petals 25mm wide. Will grow as bushy ground cover, covered in these showy flowers.The petals are edible great for decorating salads. Grows best in full sun to part shade. Flowering mainly from mMarch to June but may flower at any time throughout the year.
  • Xanthorrhoea australis
  • Austral Grass tree. Long grass like foliage protruding from a ash blackened trunk, flowers from one spike per trunk or centre. flower spike can reach 2-3 metres with flowers taking up to about 70% -90% of total hight. Cream flowers attracting birds and nectar feeding insects. Cross section of leaf is diamond shaped and slightly blue green in colour.
  • Xanthorrhoea minor (ssp) lutea
  • Small Grass tree. Subteraneous multi-stemmed trunk with grass-like foliage appearing from ground level. The leaf cross section is usually concave, and the leaf is dark green. The flower spike is usually amongst foliage. Most Xanthorrhoea species were used by the Aboriginal people for many things including, extracting the resin to make tools, using the nectar to make water sweeter, using the flower stalk for spears.
  • Billardiera scadens
  • Common Apple-berry. Light yellow bell shaped flowers in spring. Soft hairs on leaf and base of flower. Berries have been eaten raw, probably best to wait untill they ripen to a pale brown colour.
  • Bossiaea prostrata
  • Creeping Bossiaea. Orange to yellow flower from mainly September to October. tolerates full sun to partial shade, comon in dry woodland areas.
  • Clematis micrphllya
  • Small-leaved Clematis. A frost and drought tolerant ground cover/ low creeper. Shows an abundance of flowers white with a hint of green in colour from late winter to spring. Tolerates full sun to partial shade. By crushing the leaves and inhaling the aroma may relieve hedaches.
  • Comesperma volubile
  • Love creeper. Fine-stemmed creeper with sparse narrow leaves 1-5 cm long and 1-5 mm wide,the bright purple to medium blue flower protrudes toward the light above the plant it climbs. Tolerates sun to partial shade flowering from July to December mainly spring.
  • Glycine clandestina
  • Twining glycine. Small twining deciduous creeper. Leaf divided into three leaflets, flowers are pale to purple, pink to somtimes white. Flowering year round but peak in spring. Attracts butterflies, tolerates partial sun to full shade.
  • Kennedia prostrata
  • Running postman.This drought tolerant beauty has a medium sized red flower with a yellow centre, will survive in full sun or semi shade. Attracts butterflies and nectar feeding birds.
  • Tetragonia implexicoma
  • Bower Spinach. This plant has small yellow star shaped flowers, small thick diamond shaped leaves, it will grow as a thick ground cover in semi shade or full sun.